A majority of people talk about HIV today. When asked what it is, they are likely to describe it as a very dangerous disease that leads to one losing a lot of weight. Research has established that it is an auto immune disease. This means that it is a virus that typically attacks the human immune system and brings it down on its knees. The HIV virus is also known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a virus that attacks the immune system of any human being making them not to be able to fight off any infections.
Symptoms of HIV
Before one has got the full blown AIDS, they are likely to have the following symptoms as an indication of an HIV infection.
- Frequent bouts of colds and flus. This is caused by the fact that the immune system has been greatly weakened. They are easily affected by changes in the weather, environment and any smells that are likely to affect the respiratory system.
- Most of the HIV victims are likely to develop tuberculosis.
- The patient is also likely to develop herpes zoster. When anybody has this condition and go to the hospital in order to seek medical attention, they are likely to be tested for the HIV virus. In 95% of the cases the patient tests positive for the HIV virus.
- The person is also likely to lose weight as a result of loss of appetite and in severe cases the person experiences vomiting and diarrhea.
- The skin may also be attacked by sores and may become pale and look unhealthy.
How HIV is transmitted
The HIV virus is transmitted through several ways. The major way in which HIV transmission occurs is through sexual intercourse. When there is exchange of the body fluids during intercourse, the virus is easily transferred from the victim to the non-victim. The bruises that occur during intercourse are the easiest avenues of the virus from one person to the other. It is advisable for sexual partners to be aware of their HIV status before they can engage in sexual affairs. It is also better for one to avoid multiple partners who are new to them each and every time.
The virus can also be transmitted from one individual to another through blood transfusion. This is a very rare situation but it can occur if blood is transfused to a patient in need without being properly tested. However the misnistry of health has put all the necessary measures to avoid such a situation.
A mother can also transmit the virus to their unborn child during the process of child birth. An unborn child cannot be affected by the condition of their mother while still in the womb. The virus is only transferred during child birth. It is therefore necessary for the mother to inform the birth attendant of their condition so that extra care is taken in order to protect the new born baby.